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Protecting Wildlife Habitats

photo of waterfowl on lakeTVA is in charge of 293,000 acres of public land and 11,000 miles of shoreline. It has set aside much of that land to preserve a home for wildlife and to protect and study animals, birds and fish.

TVA has been working to protect wildlife for years. In 1976 TVA started the Natural Heritage Project. With help from the Nature Conservancy, TVA’s wildlife specialists make careful studies of the plants and animals that are at risk of becoming extinct. Then biologists create plans that will help protect wild areas.

Here are some other examples of how TVA works to benefit wildlife:

• TVA studies the number and health of fish in the reservoirs during sportfish surveys.

• TVA helps count and protect bald eagles, America’s national symbol.

photo of cub scouts working
Cub Scouts from St. Jude Pack 3111 planted butterfly and hummingbird gardens at TVA’s Raccoon Mountain Pumped Storage Plant near Chattanooga. The Scouts also check nesting boxes of migratory birds once a week during the breeding season as part of a national monitoring effort.

Aquatic life

“Aquatic life” means fish and other creatures that live in the water. TVA helps protect habitat for aquatic life in a number of ways.

TVA Natural Areas

TVA has set up a network of Natural Areas along the Tennessee River and its tributaries. They are designed to protect rare animals and plants and the natural communities where they live. By setting these areas aside, TVA is better able to limit activities that could put these animals and plants in danger. Some of the TVA Natural Areas are open to the public for hiking, wildlife observation and nature appreciation.

To learn more

For more information on habitat protection, send an e-mail to (In the subject line, be sure to tell us exactly what you’re interested in.)

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