Protecting the Land
Managing shoreline lands
Besides being responsible for the Tennessee River system, TVA also manages 293,000 acres of public lands in the Tennessee Valley. Much of this land is along the shorelines of reservoirs.
These shoreline lands are used for different purposes. Some are recreation areas where people can camp, fish, and launch their boats. Others, such as wetlands, are protected because they offer wildlife habitat, which means they provide food and shelter for animals. Others may be sold or leased so that people can build homes or businesses—like marinas or boat docks—on the shoreline.
For each reservoir, TVA draws up a plan that tells what each piece of land can be used for. It asks citizens what their opinions are about how the land should be used and considers those opinions when making decisions.
TVA also encourages citizens to become involved in cleaning up the lands around streams and reservoirs. TVA watershed teams organize cleanup events with groups of volunteers. In one year alone volunteers collected more than 300 tons of trash during these events.
What is land reclamation?
The word reclamation comes from reclaimmeaning to take something back. So when we say land reclamation efforts, were talking about the process of taking back soil that has been harmed by erosion, older methods of mining, or other harmful practices.
|TVA helped reverse the erosion that ruined many acres of farmland in the 1930s.|
TVA has been involved in land-reclamation efforts since 1933. Back then, much of the Tennessee Valleys topsoilthe top 12 inches of soil thats best for growing cropshad been eroded, or worn away, by old-fashioned ways of farming. TVA scientists worked with farmers to bring the land back to health.
Over the years, TVA has joined with many other groups to fight erosion. It distributes tree seedlings and provides information to people who live along the shoreline so they know the best grasses, trees, and other plants to use on their property. TVA’s watershed teams also sponsor projects that educate students and community groups about conservation activities to protect stream banks and shorelines.
Here are a few other TVA land reclamation success stories.
In this area of southeast Tennessee and north Georgia, copper mining that began in the 1850s created an ugly area of useless land that had no plants or trees growing on itsome people said it looked like the moon. Years of hard work by TVA and others have reclaimed most of the Copper Basin.
In 1971, TVA started a test project to show that mountains could be returned to almost their original condition after coal had been mined there. Later, the project was used as a model to help make federal laws on surface mining. Nowadays, any coal mining company that wants to sell its coal for use in TVAs power plants has to reclaim the land it mines, and TVA itself has reclaimed 1,000 acres of land left scarred by coal companies.
Other types of mines
In 1981, TVA and other groups started reclaiming forgotten mica, kaolin, and feldspar mines in western North Carolina. Runoff from the mines was making the water in the area unsafe for humans or animals. TVA demonstrated new ways of cleaning up the land that have now been used all around the world.